Gold Deposits

"Look for gold where gold is said to be"  (Don McKinnon- discoverer of Hemlo).

Gold deposits encompass a wide variety of geological environments. Depending on the deposit type (i.e. epithermal, mesothermal, porphyry-style, disseminated, BIF-hosted, IOCG, skarns, lode, etc.), they are associated with a wide-range of alteration assemblages. Secondary minerals, although specific to deposit type, greatly vary and include quartz or chalcedony, tourmaline, clay minerals, albite, adularia, orthoclase or microcline, carbonate (often ankerite), calc-silicates, specular hematite, sericite, chlorite, fuchsite, alunite, and many more….

The photomicrographs below show a few type of gold deposits, prospects and associated alteration types.

In the Petrographic Reports special emphasis will be placed on identifying secondary minerals associated with gold,  as it is one of the most important criteria in distinguishing between various gold deposit types. Visit About GeoConsult to see a list of gold deposits GeoConsult had been involved with (in the capacity of a mineralogist and/or a geochemist).

For detailed information on Petrographic Reports, visit GeoConsult Services.

(x-axis of gold photos: 0.64mm, others: 1.6mm)

Epithermal Low Sulfidation Au-Ag Deposits

Epithermal gold (± silver) deposits form within active hydrothermal systems associated with volcanic activities. They characteristically form at shallow depths (< 1km) where the heat is supplied by volcanic activities and the fluids discharge as hot springs. They may also be part of a distal porphyry system.

Epithermal deposits are divided into  high sulfidation (HS) and low sulfidation (LS) types. The HS deposits occur in leached silicic rocks and are characterized by highly acidic fluids, whereas the LS deposits are characterized by reduced fluids of neural pH.

Common minerals associated with epithermal deposits include microcrystalline, drusy quartz or colloform silica, illite, smectite, and adularia. Specular hematite occurs at some depth and  goethite occurs near or at the surface.
Charay property, Sinaloa, Mexico. MUSGROVE MINERALS CORP.